Criminological Theory Paper

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24-7-custom-writing-serviceCriminological Theory Assignment

Criminological Theory Essay

 

 

            Two of the criminological theories that relate to or explain juvenile delinquency are the social learning theory and the rational choice theory. These theories make various assumptions about criminal and delinquent behavior and hence help us understand possible deterrent and prevention methods for juveniles.

The Social Learning Theory

            According to the social learning theory first propounded by Edwin Sutherland in 1939, criminal, deviant, antisocial, or delinquent behavior is learned as individuals interact with one another in the context of schools, peer groups, and family settings. For instance, when a child grows up in violent family, they are likely to learn that it is normal to resort to violence and hence is likely to grow up knowing that violence is a normal part of life since they have learned adults use violence. Also, through peer pressure and influence, juveniles in peer groups learn delinquent behavior from one another. This property is important because it helps us understand the preventing and deterrent measures for delinquent behavior among juveniles. Since juveniles learn to commit crimes due to their social groups and surroundings, it is possible to deter or prevent juvenile delinquency by ensuring their social settings such as family provide them with proper guidance and values.

The Rational Choice Theory

            On its part, the rational choice theory posits that people make rational choices and decisions as to whether or not to commit crime after conducting a cost-benefit analysis by weighing the consequences or possible legal sanctions against the likely benefits. Where the advantages outweigh the repercussions or likelihood of being caught and punished, an individual is likely to engage in a deviant act, such as a crime or delinquent behavior. The theory makes the assumption that human beings have the free will to decide their actions and inactions. ...............GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY