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Ethics in Healthcare Essay
Ethics in Healthcare Assignment
Prompt 1: Informed Consent
Informed consent is a legal principle that gives the patient the right to learn and understand the potential benefits, alternatives, and risks of a medical process. A physician observes informed consent when they reveal sufficient information to help the patient examine the proposed surgical and medical procedure before choosing to engage in it (Pozgar, 2014). There are no uniform elements that depict informed consent, but the following criteria is often used: the ability to obtain and internalize information from surroundings, the capacity to recall the information acquired, the ability to make a choice and depict a reason for it, the capacity to utilize the available information in making the decision, and assessing the relevant information appropriately (Butts & Rich, 2016).
Informed consent largely relies on the decision-making capacity of the patient, otherwise known as competence. For the patient to make a choice, they must receive adequate information from their practitioners. In this way, the patient understands the available options, the potential consequences of the options, and assesses the personal benefit and cost of each consequence and relates them to their priorities and values. (Butts & Rich, 2016). If the individual cannot acquire information and internalize, recall, and use it to make a decision, the family members, appointed guardians, and other persons can decide for them.
Legal and ethical challenges arise when the elements of informed consent are not upheld. For instance, a doctor who is overly enthusiastic about implementing an advanced clinical procedure might depict the benefits to the patient without revealing the drawbacks. Since the patient trusts the doctor, they might decide to undergo the clinical process. If something were to happen to the patient because of the clinical procedure, such as a disability, they should sue the doctor for failing to reveal all information concerning the process (Pozgar, 2014). Often, invasive clinical procedures require that the physician provides an informed consent document written in the native language of the patient so that they can examine the clinical and medical procedures critically before signing the document................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY