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Euthanasia -Gonzales v. Oregon Case Review
Euthanasia -Gonzales v. Oregon Case Study
Euthanasia refers to a medical term used to describe the act of deliberately ending an individual's life with the intention of relieving them of extreme or persistent pain and suffering. Under the law, a qualified doctor is permitted to end another person's life through a painless means provided that the patient or their family has consented to this. Hence, euthanasia is performed where a person has a painful, debilitating, incurable, or terminal condition which makes them undergo too much suffering.
The main law regarding euthanasia in the state of Louisiana is the Louisiana Revised Statutes 40:1299.58.10: Declarations Concerning Life-Sustaining Procedures. According to §1151.9 of this statute, euthanasia, mercy killing, or assisted suicide shall not be permitted, approved, or authorized other than the natural way of ending one's life. However, the law makes it clear that the withdrawal of life support machines does not constitute suicide. Moreover, the statute does not consider as death the failure to administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation or the removal of life support systems for life insurance coverage purposes. Also, under this state’s euthanasia laws, ending a person’s life through legally recognized means by a qualified physician is not considered a crime and is hence legal under state laws.
A recent case about euthanasia is the case of Gonzales v. Oregon. In this case, the legality of the use of lethal doses of controlled substances to end the life of terminally ill patients was challenged in court. The case involved the decision by the US Attorney General to declare Oregon's Death with Dignity Act as being in violation of the Controlled Substances Act. By this decision, the Attorney General also threatened doctors practicing euthanasia that their medical licenses would be revoked. The outcome of the case was that the US Supreme Court's holding that the Attorney General was not authorized under the Controlled Substances Act to order the banning of the use of controlled substances in conducting euthanasia or assisted suicide.
Based on what I have read, my opinion on euthanasia is that euthanasia a legal procedure even though its morality or ethicality is still subject to debate. According to Math and Chaturvedi (2012), euthanasia entails a struggle between the right to life and the right to die. The authors argue that from human rights and medical perspective, the Supreme Court has confirmed the legality of euthanasia in the US. It thus involves balancing between an individual’s right to live and the right to die. In some cases such as where one is undergoing extreme pain and suffering, it is legally justified to carry out euthanasia so as to end their lives in a more dignified manner. Individuals with debilitating, disabling, degenerative, or incurable conditions need to be permitted to die in dignity since it is their right to decide what happens to their bodies or life and hence such personal decision should not be made on their behalf by the government. ....................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY