Fatimid History, Legitimacy and History Assignment

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24-7-custom-writing-serviceFatimid History, Legitimacy and History Paper

Fatimid History, Legitimacy and History Essay

 

The Fatimid Dynasty was a religious and political empire that ruled North Africa and the Middle East from the years 909 to 1171 AD. The dynasty also attempted to overthrow the Abbasid caliphs as the emperors of the Islamic region. The Fatimid Empire took its name from Fatimah, Prophet Muhammad’s daughter, who was their ancestor. Farhad highlights that before they rose to power, there were other leaders in Egypt and North Africa who succeeded in separating themselves from the Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad. The previous rulers were Muslims emanating from the Sunni in Islam, but they were subject to the caliphs’ suzerainty. At that time, the Fatimid led a rival religious group known as the Ismaili movement.[1] They were determined to overthrow the existing political and religious regime in Islam. Additionally, unlike their predecessors, the Fatimid refused to pay homage to the Abbasid caliphs.

            Christine Baker traces the rise to power of the Fatimid in the eighth and ninth centuries and the ways the religious movement articulated its reactions to authority and right to lead. According to Baker, the tenth century was a period of tremendous social change. It was an era in which many Muslim communities were forming concepts and ideas of what it meant to be a Muslim and Islamic society. The Shii dynasty challenged the Abbasid caliphs during the period from 750-1258, the Fatimid from 909-1171, and Buyids from 945-1055.[2] The author argues that it is impossible to comprehend the development of the identity of Islam without focusing on the particular period because it laid the foundation for present-day religious and political values and frameworks.

 

[1] Daftary, Farhad. A short history of the Ismailis: Traditions of a Muslim community. Markus Wiener Publishers,        1998, pp. 3.

[2] Baker, Christine Danielle. "Challenging the 'Shiʿi Century': the Fatimids (909-1171), Buyids (945-1055), and the       creation of a sectarian narrative of Medieval Islamic history." PhD diss., 2013, pp. 108.

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