Mass Incarceration Assignment

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24-7-custom-writing-serviceMass Incarceration Essay

Mass Incarceration Paper

 

A survey undertaken by the Morton and Blaustein (2018) revealed that in the period between 2000 and 2016, convicts committed to private facilities raised to 47%.  The research also revealed the overall number of prisoners had increased by 9% (Morton & Blaustein, 2018). The peak of the prison population within the private sector was reached in 2012 where the convicted delinquents had reached a high of 137,220 (Morton and Blaustein (2018). In 2015, the population of prisoners declined slightly to 125,772 then later rising to 128,063 in 2016 (Morton & Blaustein, 2018). The main objective of this paper is evaluate the patterns and trends of mass incarceration in America.

Over the years, the operations of the criminal justice system in U.S. has faced a garnered a lot of interest since it is the current leader in incarceration across the world. It is estimated that approximately 2.2 million people are presently in the state’s jails or prisons (Alexander, 2012). Over the last four decades, this value represents an increase of about 500% (Alexander 2012). According to Alexander (2012) this increase of inmates is attributed by the changes in law and policies used to sentence criminals rather than changes in the prevalence of crimes. As a result, U.S. has experienced overcrowding as well as fiscal burdens as the country endeavors to harbor a swiftly enlarging penal system.  

One of the policies that has greatly contributed to the growth of the imprisonment is the alterations made on drug policies. The study conducted by Alexander (2012) revealed that since the inception of drug policies in the 1980s, the scope of Americans detained increased from 40,900 to 450,345 in 2016 (Alexander 2012). This trend was worsened by the sentencing policies such as mandatory minimums that mandates several convicts held behind bars for drug offenses to stay for extended time period. In 1986, for example, offenders were released after 22 months...................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY