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POVERTY AND WELFARE -ARTICLE REVIEW
The article titled, Did Welfare Reform Increase Employment and Reduce Poverty, discusses the issue of welfare as a way of poverty reduction (MOFFITT & GARLOW, 2018). The writers of the article, Robert Moffit and Stephanie Garlow, attempted to underscore the importance of the introduction of welfare reforms in the United States as a way of using employment to lower the poverty levels. The government of the United States came up with the welfare program after the Greta depression as a strategy to cater for the needs of the low-income families who had dependent children. The welfare program was referred to as the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). AFDC was initiated to give then necessary assistance to single mothers who had dependent children and thus they not work but stay home.
AFDC as a welfare program was in effect for 60 years before the Congress enacted a new program called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. TANF was different from AFDC since it had time limits, as well as work requirements. TANF aimed at discouraging low-income families from dependency but instead encourage work. The article attempted to explore the impact of the law on and its objectives of reducing poverty. The main concept in the article is whether the welfare programs are succeeding in championing for self-sufficiency while discouraging dependence.
Besides, article writers highlight the fact that the introduction of welfare programs led to an increase in the number of people who were covered by the program. AFDC recipients reached a peak at 14 million in 1994. The transition from AFDC to TANF led to a reduction in the number of recipients of the welfare program to 60 per cent. The Great Recession of 2007 to 2009 did not markedly increase the number of people under the program. In 2013, there were only 4 million recipients of the welfare program as the case in 1964. Hence, the number of people who depend on welfare is less since the legislation of welfare reforms.................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY