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Proactive Policing Approaches Assignment
Proactive Policing Approaches Paper
The current work of the police is mainly fashioned around a reactive model. Under this model, Police respond to crimes and criminal activity. The prevalence of this approach even in patrols can be attributed to an engendered culture of a reactive police approach. According to Stevens (2011), the reactive approach adopted by police has in part been reinforced by the crime fighter model of policing, which the US has aggressively pursued for over 50 years. Consequently, the current approach to police patrols is one that is reactive and aggressive, characterized by policies such as zero tolerance.
Wadman (2009) contends that part of the problem lies in the political factors affecting policing, whereby public expectations create an environment that reinforces reactive policing. Specifically, the line-budgeting approach, traditional police productivity standards and community expectations have resulted in decision-making approaches that reinforce reactive policing approaches (Wadman, 2009). One of the components of this reactive policing is patrols and zero tolerance approaches.
A zero tolerance approach was adopted in Dallas, Texas. In the program, a zero-tolerance stand was taken towards curfews and truancy on gang-related crime. The Dallas police commenced an antigang initiative, with the aim being to reduce violence by gangs in five target patrol areas. The findings of this study found that in the areas targeted, there was a 57% decrease in gang-related violence. In the control areas, the reduction was by 37%. Overall, the study found that concentrated patrol efforts result in reduced crime rates. Based on the evidence, I agree that police patrols and zero-tolerance approaches are effective in reducing gang-related violence. These approaches act as a deterrent to crime engagement........................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY