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Reflection Paper: Trauma
Trauma occurs as a result of external events that cause sudden, unexpected, and intense emotional implications to a person. Trauma affects our view of the world, memory, and what we think about ourselves and other people. Children are most affected by trauma.
Through the mammalian heritage, humans evolved to respond to circumstances through either fighting or fleeing. Increase in the exposure to danger enhances the human sensitivity to the particular danger. Repetitive exposure to danger programs the body to be sensitive so that even little threats cause emotional, social, physical, and cognitive reactions (Bloom L. S., 1999). Human beings aim is to protect themselves as much as they can from dangerous situations. The risk of trauma is reduced by a person’s ability to overcome the threat of danger by escaping/running away, winning the fight, or getting help. If humans give up, they get accustomed to the danger hence acquire “learned helplessness”. Therefore, the treatment of trauma should focus on empowerment rather than encouraging helplessness.
Trauma causes the loss of control over one’s emotions. Therefore, traumatized people tend to be irritable, edgy, and jumpy. Due to the inability to control their emotions, victims of trauma tend to turn to alcohol, sex, violence, or drugs for temporary intervention. These coping mechanisms are destructive hence socially unacceptable. Therefore, therapy for victims should aim at providing a substitute or alternative mechanisms for coping. For example, the development of positive human relationships can support the recovery of trauma victims. Punishments and blame only worsen the trauma.
Stress and trauma affect our ability to think clearly. In the face danger, we are triggered into hasty reactions and have no time for clear thinking. Therefore, the decisions are based on impulse and do not consider the consequences of the behavior. Traumatized people have short term demonstrations of problem-solving through anger, intolerance of mistakes, over thinking, and extreme vigilance. Considering this, the interventions should aim at the reduction of stress (Bloom L. S., 1999)........................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY