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Safety and Emergency Management Essay
Safety and Emergency Management Paper
Hospital acquired infections(HAIs) are caught from exposure to disease causing organisms or toxins that exist in a hospital. Patients, staff, family, and friends are all at risk of HAIs. This paper outlines the causes of hospital acquired infections and recommends strategies for prevention.
HAIs can be airborne. For example, Tuberculosis. Airborne HAIs are generated through talking, coughing, sneezing, or short distance walks hence causing suspension of disease causing organisms in the air (Gupta et al, 2014). Hospital infections can also be acquired through direct or indirect contact. Direct contact refers to touching an infected person. Indirect contact refers to touching infected surfaces with droplets of sweat, blood or saliva. For example, Hepatitis and Rotavirus.
Prevention of hospital acquired infection includes four measures: identification of the vulnerable, hand hygiene, environmental and structural factors, and precautions against transmission (Gupta et al, 2014). Identification of the vulnerable involves dealing appropriately with persons who are highly at risk of HAIs. Examples of the vulnerable include, patients with low immunity due to chemotherapy, drugs or disease and patients with prolonged stay in the ICU. Hand hygiene prevents direct transmission. Hand hygiene involves proper hand washing before and after procedures on and around the patient, removal of jewelry, and avoidance of long sleeves.
Environmental and structural factors include measures that eliminate or reduce disease causing organisms. For example, ventilation, cleaning, and disinfection. Precautions against transmission include three broad measures that prevent infections: use of personal protective equipment, use of safe equipment for patient care and treatment, and isolation. Personal protective equipment include sterilized gloves, gown, and face protection. Reusable equipment for patient treatment should be well sterilized. Single use equipment should be properly disposed. Isolation of patient with highly contagious infections is very important in preventing epidemics...............GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY