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The Politics and Ethics of Quarantine Paper
The Politics and Ethics of Quarantine Essay
Quarantine is an inevitable and essential public health practice. The federal, state, local, and tribal governments, as well as the CDC, all reserve the right to detain and examine people who are believed to have a communicable illness. The power to quarantine the sick is provided under the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, which asserts that the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services can authorize or take measures to prohibit the spread and entry of infectious diseases from foreign nations or between states (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The CDC also has the authority to monitor people who are suspected of having the contagious illnesses. The organization routinely inspects the persons arriving in the U.S. ports and land border crossings.
The primary ethical issue that arises during the enforcement of a quarantine is the limitation of the freedoms and rights of the citizens. The suspected persons are prohibited from conducting their normal day-to-day activities, such as going to work, schooling, spousal and familial duties, meetings, social events, and so on. The limitations are justified in protecting the lives of their loved ones, workmates, and the general public during emergencies. Public health ethics scholars have raised concerns regarding the limitations and suggested that the guideline of reciprocity should be used to legitimize the interferences with the rights and freedoms of the sick individuals. In its simplest form, the principle of reciprocity draws a line between safeguarding the public and personal freedom by creating the appropriate balance between the burdens and benefits of social cooperation (Selgelid, 2006). For example, the government can try to maintain the normal day-to-day activities and provisions by giving the isolated persons a comfortable ..............GET AN AFFORDABLE PLAGIARISM FREE COPY